Wheel of the Year: The Pagan Holiday of Yule

An illustration of a cozy fire coming from within a Yule log that is decorated and in snow.

Yule Traditions

The first holiday of the year within the Wheel of the Year is Yule. This holiday is celebrated on the winter solstice, which marks the shortest day and the longest night of the year. For many wiccans and pagans, yule is a time to celebrate the return of the sun and the beginning of the new year.

There are many traditions associated with yule, including decorating homes with evergreen boughs, burning logs in fireplaces, and exchanging gifts. Yule is also a time for feasting and merrymaking, and many pagans mark the occasion by singing carols or performing traditional dances.

The Yule Log Tradition

The Yule Log history originated with placing a log in a place for fire during the celebrations as an aid to keep everyone warm during the winter solstice.

Yule Celebrations

One of the most important aspects of Yule is its focus on family and community. Wiccans and Pagans often gather with friends and relatives to celebrate the holiday, sharing food, stories, and laughter. Yule is a time for reflection and hope, as well as celebration, and it remains an important part of the Wheel of the Year.

What is Yule?

Yule is a Wiccan and Pagan holiday that celebrates the return of the sunlight on the Winter Solstice. We celebrate it at the time of the year when the shortest day and the longest night of the year occur. Yule is a way to celebrate rebirth, which is significant in various Pagan traditions.

Curious about Wicca and what Wiccans are about? Check out Wicca for articles all about this modern spiritual practice.

The Celtic Story of Yule

The Oak King and Holly King are two Celtic twin gods who represent the light and dark seasons of the year, respectively. The Oak King rules over the Summer, while the Holly King rules over the Winter. They are in an eternal battle to rule over their respective seasons, each ruling for half of a year. When one of them falls, they journey to the underworld and meet the Earth Goddess. They lovingly sacrifice themselves, becoming her mate, followed by their death in her embrace. They are then reborn to serve as the seasons again

The History of Yule: The Evolution of Yule into Christmas

Christmas began as a pagan holiday but later underwent Christian reformulation to become the holiday that is celebrated today. Some of the traditional Christmas customs and traditions originated from this period of transition.

Some of the most popular Christmas traditions, such as decorating a Christmas tree and exchanging gifts, are actually fairly recent additions to the holiday.

Despite its relatively brief history, Christmas has become one of the most widely celebrated holidays in the world over the past several centuries. For many, it is a time to reflect on their blessings and give back to those less fortunate.

Christmas has evolved into a time to create cherished memories that will be remembered for years to come.

Yule symbols

Yule is a time when the darkness of winter gives way to the light of spring. Several symbols that represent the season and its festivities mark this holiday.

The Candle

A common symbol for Yule is the candle. These are often used to represent the light of the sun returning after dark times. Candles can create festive decorations as well as provide symbolic warmth and light during gatherings and celebrations.

Check out The Meaning, Spiritual Uses and Symbolism of Candles in Witchcraft to learn about the symbolism behind candles.

The Yule Tree


One of the most common Yule symbols is the evergreen tree. Evergreens are associated with life and vitality, as they remain green even in the coldest months of winter. They are often used to decorate homes and altars during the solstice. The tradition of decorating trees with ornaments and lights dates back to ancient Rome and Egypt at the least, where people would hang various fruit and nuts from trees to celebrate the season.


The pine tree is a symbol of strength and endurance and is associated with the holiday of Yule. It is one of the few trees that can grow in harsh conditions, making it a metaphor for resilience. The needles were thought to represent the stars in the night sky. The smell of pine is said to be uplifting and refreshing, and burning its leaves is thought to cleanse the air and bring happiness into your home.


Holly shares the same name as the Celtic King Holly and is one of the most common Yule symbols. We find it in wreaths and garlands, decorating homes and radiating its energies. The leaves are prickly, and the berries are red, making it an easily identifiable winter symbol. Because of its spiky leaves, we can use it for protection magick. The crimson berries also hold symbolism as the goddess’s blood.


Mistletoe has green leaves and white berries. It represents protection and male potency. The sacred union between Holly and the Goddess (symbolized as Mistletoe) created the tradition of sharing a kiss under the mistletoe.

Yule Colors

Yule is also associated with several colors, which can decorate homes and altars during the season. Red represents passion and energy, while green signifies growth and new beginnings. White represents purity and innocence, while silver represents hope and optimism. Gold represents wealth and abundance.

Yule Celebration and Rituals: Ideas For Ritual Celebrations

When celebrating Yule, lighting a fire is a common tradition. It represents the light of the sun returning to the world after the longest night of the year. This symbolism is especially fitting, as Yule is all about rebirth and renewal.

Whether you’re lighting candles or holding a gathering around a fireplace, take time to appreciate the warmth and light it brings. Spend time around the fire enjoying each other’s company. You could even make wishes for the coming year with the flame.

Feasting is an important part of Yule. This is a time to gather with friends and family and enjoy good food and company. Whether you opt for a traditional feast or put your own spin on things, be sure to include plenty. Last, and be sure to take some time to relax and enjoy the company of those you love.

Ways to Celebrate Yule: With Food

The holidays are a time for family, friends, and of course, food. While the dishes vary from household to household, some culinary traditions seem to be universal.

Winter Squash

Winter squash is ready for harvest during autumn and can last in storage throughout the entire winter. It represents the sustenance we need during this time without harvest and is a large component of a Yule feast.

We can prepare winter squash so there is sure to be a dish that everyone will enjoy. An easy and popular three-ingredient recipe includes acorn squash, butter and brown sugar – and it’s hard to go wrong with butter or sugar! (In moderation, of course!)

Root Vegetables

Root vegetables are a great addition to any winter feast. They are hearty and flavorful and can withstand cold weather, making them symbolic for their historic use as a wintertime staple food. Some great root vegetables include carrots, potatoes, beets, parsnips, as well as turnips.


One such tradition is the use of warming spices in winter recipes. Warming spices such as cinnamon, clove, turmeric, and ginger help bring warmth to a cold winter. They also add flavor to dishes that might give your food more memorable.


The easiest way to add a festive touch to your meal is by adding preserved fruits into your recipes. We can eat dried fruit as is, or added to cereal, salads, baked goods, or yogurt.

If you want to get creative, try using preserved or dried fruits in place of fresh fruit in recipes like smoothies or pies. These make a great addition to appetizers, main courses, or desserts.

The Yule Log Dessert Cake

The Yule Log Dessert has become a popular dessert during the winter holiday season. We often make it to look like a real wood log. Decorate this dessert with icing and other edible items to make it look like a delicious festive decoration.

Wigington, Patti. "Yule Rituals." Learn Religions.

(2021). "Yule Traditions: Pagan Winter Solstice Symbols and Ways to Celebrate." Spells8.