Greek Primordial Gods and Goddesses: Uranus

An illustration of the Greek God Uranus.

The Greek God Uranus

Uranus was the first ruler of the universe. He was the personified god of the sky and one of the first deities in Greek mythology. He was the son of Gaia, whom he also married. They had several children together, including the Titans.

There is very little information available about Uranus in the ancient Greek texts. Unlike other gods and goddesses, there wasn’t a cult or ceremonies dedicated to him. He also does not appear in any of the typical scenes or artwork from that time period. This suggests that he was not particularly important to the Greeks and may have been more of a primal figurehead within stories than anything else.

Curious about other Greek Deities? Check out the page Greek Cosmology.

Stories of the Greek God Uranus

Homeric Epic Union Invocation

The first joining of Earth, Sky, and Styx was in the marriage of Gaia and Uranus. Gaia is the personification of the Earth, while Uranus represents the Heavens. They were joined together by Styx, the river that separates the living world from the underworld. This first joining was an invocation within the Homeric epic, and it set the stage for unions between these three elements.

The Fall of The Primordial God

Uranus was a rather cruel and shameful ruler of the gods and men during his reign. He was eventually overthrown by his son Cronus, with the help of his mother Gaia. Unable to bear the discomfort of Uranus hiding away his children on earth anymore, Gaia had grown tired of Uranus’ cruelty and plotted with her children to overthrow him. Gaia crafted a sickle out of her anger. From there, Cronus was able to use that sickle in an ambush. Castrating his father after he tried to lay with Gaia again, which resulted in his downfall. This major event marked the beginning of the Titan god’s rule, as the titan gods were then free from the primordial’s reign.

The Greek Primordial Deity Uranus’s Various Names

Uranus’s Greek God Name

The god Uranus was also known by other names, such as Ouranos, Caelus, and Coelus. Each of these names had a different origin. Ouranos was the greek name for Uranus, which translates into “sky.”

The Roman Equivalent of Greek God Uranus

Caelus and/or Coelus was the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Uranus. Caelus and Coelus meant “the heavens above,” “celestial,’ or “the sky.” All of these names referred to the god’s role as the creator of the universe.

The Family Tree of Uranus

Uranus Mother and Uranus Father

Gaia was the mother of Uranus, who happened to not have a father in earlier tellings of his story. In later stories, Uranus was born by Gaia and his father was Aether, the god of the sky.

The Siblings of The Greek God Uranus

Uranus, the god of the sky, had two siblings: Ourea and Pontus. Ourea was the god of mountains, while Pontus was the god of the sea. Both were minor gods who had little influence on Uranus’s life.

The Children of Uranus

Uranus was married to Gaia, the goddess of the earth. Together, they produced eighteen children: the twelve Titans, the three Cyclopes, and the three Hecatoncheires.

The Titans were a powerful group of gods who ruled during the Golden Age of Greece. They included Oceanus, Tethys, Hyperion, Theia, Coeus, Phoebe, Rhea, Mnemosyne, Themis, Crius, Iapetus, and Cronus.

The Cyclopes were a race of giants who had only one eye each. They were skilled craftsmen who helped Uranus and Gaia create the universe. The Hecatoncheires were a trio with the names Cottus, Briareus, and Gyges who had fifty heads and one hundred arms each.

The Symbols of the Greek God Uranus

Uranus is associated with the symbols: the sky, the stars, and the wheel.

The sky is often seen as a symbol of freedom and limitless potential. The stars are symbols of hope and guidance, and the wheel is a symbol of change and progress. All of these symbols represent what Uranus represents: change and progression within the universe.


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GreekMythology.com, T. Editors of Website. “Uranus.” GreekMythology.com Website, April 08, 2021. https://www.greekmythology.com/Other_Gods/Uranus/uranus.html.

   Sources:
GreekMythology.com, T. Editors of Website. "Uranus." GreekMythology.com Website, April 08, 2021. https://www.greekmythology.com/Other_Gods/Uranus/uranus.html

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